FRICTION FORCE MICROSCOPY OF AgBr CRYSTALS: Ag0 RODS
AND ADSORBED GELATIN FILMS

Greg Haugstad and Wayne L. Gladfelter
Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Elizabeth B. Weberg
Imaging Systems Department, E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Inc.
Brevard, NC 28712

Abstract

Friction force microscopy was performed on the (111) surface of solution-grown AgBr crystals before and after deposition of gelatin films. Images of the initial surface identify the dissimilar chemical nature of the AgBr and rod-shaped crystallites which grow along the <110> family of crystal directions during imaging and are attributed to Ag0. Pores in gelatin films on AgBr and on highly-oriented pyrolytic graphite are seen to extend to the substrate, based on a reduced frictional force sensed at the bottom of the pores. The images also distinguish frictional contributions of "physical" versus chemical origin. The former are manifest as variations in image contrast seen at subnanometer-scale steps in AgBr(111) and at the edges of the Ag0 crystallites and the gelatin pores, and reflect additional cantilever torsion at these locations. The quantitative dependence of this effect on the size and shape of surface asperities is discussed, and an expression is derived which relates cantilever torsion to both chemical and physical components of friction.